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Medina County Board of Developmental Disabilities



Resources > Developmental Disabilities Dictionary

Developmental Disabilities Dictionary


Need help understanding the words and phrases that are often used in the developmental disabilities field?
This mini-dictionary may help.



ABA Applied Behavior Analysis Applied Behavior Analysis, also known as behavior modification, is the process of systematically applying interventions based on the principles of learning theory to improve social behaviors to a meaningful degree.
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ADA Americans with Disabilities Act ADA is a wide-ranging civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability. Learn More

ADAMH Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Board The Medina County Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Board is responsible for seeing that effective and affordable  treatment and prevention services are available in Medina County for adults, teens and children with mental health problems and/or  alcohol or other drug addictions.
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ADD Attention Deficit Disorder Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder predominantly inattentive (ADHD-PI), also called attention deficit disorder (ADD), is one of the two types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The term was formally changed in 1994 in the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV),[1][2] to "ADHD predominantly inattentive" (ADHD-PI or ADHD-I) - though the term attention deficit disorder is still widely used. 'Predominantly Inattentive' is similar to the other subtypes of ADHD except that it is characterized primarily by inattentive concentration or a deficit of sustained attention, such as procrastination, hesitation, and forgetfulness; it differs in having fewer or no typical symptoms of hyperactivity or impulsiveness. Lethargy/fatigue is sometimes reported but ADHD-PI is a separate condition from the proposed cluster of symptoms known as Sluggish cognitive tempo.
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ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), similar to hyperkinetic disorder in the ICD-10) is a psychiatric disorder[1][2] of the neurodevelopmental type[3][4] in which there are significant problems of attention, hyperactivity, or acting impulsively that are not appropriate for a person's age.[5]

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APE Adapted Physical Education

Adaptive Physical Education (APE) is the art and science of developing, implementing, and monitoring a carefully designed physical education instructional program for a learner with a disability, based on a comprehensive assessment, to give the learner the skills necessary for a lifetime of rich leisure, recreation, and sport experiences to enhance physical fitness and wellness.[1]

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APSI Advocacy & Protective Services, Inc. APSI (Advocacy & Protective Services, Inc.) is a private, non-profit agency dedicated to protecting the rights of Ohioans with developmental disabilities.
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ARC Association for Retarded Citizens ARC is the largest national community-based organization advocating for and serving people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and their families.  They encompass all ages and all spectrums from autism, Down syndrome, Fragile X and various other developmental disabilities.
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ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder A group of diagnosis that describe characteristics consistent with autism. Learn More


CARF Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities The Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF), is an international, non-profit organization founded in 1966 with the assistance of Mary E. Switzer, then U.S. Social and Rehabilitation Services Commissioner. For some institutions, it represents an alternative to Joint Commission certification.
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CI Community Integration

Community integration, while diversely defined, is a term encompassing the full participation of all people in community life. It has specifically referred to the integration of people with disabilities into US society[1][2] from the local to the national level and for decades was a defining agenda in countries such as Great Britain.[3]

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CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), previously known as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), is a federal agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) that administers the Medicare program and works in partnership with state governments to administer Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and health insurance portability standards.
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COEDI Children's Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument Children's Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument (and Ohio Eligibility Instrument, OEDI), are tests to determine the eligibility of persons for state and county developmental disabilities services.
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COG Council of Governments Councils of governments are regional bodies that exist throughout the United States. They are also sometimes called regional councils, regional commissions, regional planning commissions, planning district commissions, and development districts.
CP Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy is defined as "a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain.
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CSS Consumer Support Services Consumer Support Services is an agency that provides services to individuals with developmental disabilities at a variety of fully equipped residential settings (from assisted living to skilled care), along with supported living services (in the individual’s own home), which allows residents to live life to the fullest as a part of their communities.
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DODD Department of Developmental Disabilities    
DD Developmental Disabilities Developmental disability is a diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental and/or physical impairments. Developmental disabilities cause individuals living with them many difficulties in certain areas of life, especially in "language, mobility, learning, self-help, and independent living"
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DDC Developmental Disabilities Council The Ohio Developmental Disabilities Council (ODDC) is a planning and advocacy body committed to community inclusion for people with developmental disabilities.
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DOA Date of Admission    
DOE Department of Education The United States Department of Education, also referred to as the ED for Education Department, is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government. 
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Dx Diagnosis    


ECIS Early Childhood Intervention Serivces Early childhood intervention is a support and educational system for very young children (aged birth to six years) who have been victims of, or who are at high risk for child abuse and/or neglect.
EI Early Intervention Early intervention is a system of coordinated services that promotes the child's age-appropriate growth and development and supports families during the critical early years.
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ESC Educational Service Center The Educational Service Center of Central Ohio (ESC) works with more than 25 school districts throughout Central Ohio, and its services vary with the needs and goals of each partner or agency. Its mission is to accelerate the missions of its member school districts and helps students achieve more through research-based programs and services.
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ETR Evaluation Team Report The Evaluation Team Report should summarize the information collected as part of the assessment process to address the specific questions and areas of concern that resulted in the referral and to determine whether the child has a disability.


FAC Family Advisory Council    
FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education Free Appropriate Public Education is defined as “the provision of regular or special education and related aids and services that are designed to meet individual needs of handicapped persons as well as the needs of non-handicapped persons are met and based on adherence to procedural safeguards outlined in the law.”
FERPA Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA or the Buckley Amendment) is a United States federal law.  FERPA gives parents access to their child's education records, an opportunity to seek to have the records amended, and some control over the disclosure of information from the records.
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FSS Family Support Services This program is state-funded and is designed to keep family members with developmental disabilities living at home. This program helps families purchase necessary equipment and services thus easing some financial burdens on the household.
FY Fiscal Year A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is a period used for calculating annual ("yearly") financial statements in businesses and other organizations.  


HCBS Home and Community Based Services Home and community-based services (HCBS) provide opportunities for Medicaid beneficiaries to receive services in their own home or community.
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act is a US law designed to provide privacy standards to protect patients' medical records and other health information provided to health plans, doctors, hospitals and other health care providers.
HMG Help Me Grow The Help Me Grow program is designed to ensure Ohio’s children receive a healthy birth and the resources to warrant a healthy and productive start in life.
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HPC Homemaker Personal Care Homemaker/Personal care means the coordinated provision of a variety of services, supports and supervision necessary for the health and welfare of an individual which enables the individual to live in the community.


ICFDD Intermediate Care Facility for Developmental Disabilities A Medicaid-funded residential facility that teaches living skills to help people live in less restrictive environments. Learn More
IDEA Individual with Disabiliities Education Act IDEA is a comprehensive Federal statute which entitles each student with a disability to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to meet his or her unique needs.
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IEP Individualized Education Plan Outlines the goals and objectives necessary to meet the educational needs of a person.
IFSP Individual Family Service Plan  An Individual Family Service Plan is a plan for special services for young children with developmental delays. An IFSP only applies to children from birth to three years of age.
ISO Innovative Support Options Our Innovative Supports Options (ISO) program is specifically designed to meet the unique needs of individuals with significant and or challenging behaviors.

IO Individual Options Waiver The Individual Options Waiver is a home and community-based waiver to let people receive the services they need in their own homes.
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ISP Individual Service Plan Developed to identify specific services and supports needed and desired by an individual. The ISP describes all services and supports necessary, regardless of payor source, for a particular individual to maintain health and safety, and avoid institutionalization. The ISP should explain how each support service is intended to meet a need, as indicated in the most recent assessment of the individual's functioning levels.


LEA Local Education Agency Local Education Agency (LEA) (also known as Local Educational Agency) is a commonly used synonym for a school district, an entity which operates local public primary and secondary schools in the United States.
LOC Level of Care Level of Care is a determination of the help needed to guarantee a person's health and safety.
LRE Least Restrictive Environment One of the principles of normalization, it requires that people with disabilities receive services and support in environments that do not limit their life activities unnecessarily. For example, children with disabilities should be educated in ways that meet their needs, and least limits their opportunities to be near and interact with other children.


MCBDD Medina County Board of Developmental Disabilities The mission of the Medina County Board of Developmental Disabilities is to provide quality programs, services and supports that assist individuals with developmental disabilities to live, learn, work and socialize in their communities.

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MER Medicaid Eligibility Rate    
MFE Multi-Factored Evaluation Used in schools to determine special education eligibility.
MH Mental Health    
MUI Major Unusual Incident The reporting system mandated by Ohio law that sets procedures to review and report allegations of abuse, neglect and other potentially serious incidents that occur in the Developmental Disabilities system.
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NMT Non Medical Transportation Non Medical Transportation refers to the type of transportation provided to someone to and from their day program or community employment activity.


OAC Ohio Administrative Code The Administrative Code contains the full text of, or a reference to, every rule that has been adopted by the agencies of state government. A rule is a formal, written communication of the law that has been established by an agency under a statute that authorizes the agency to adopt rules.
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ODDP Ohio Developmental Disabilities Profile An assessment tool for individuals enrolled on the Individual Options (IO) Home and Community Based Waiver.
ODE Ohio Department of Education The Ohio Department of Education (ODE) is the administrative department of the Ohio state government[1] responsible for primary and secondary public education in the state.
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ODH Ohio Department of Health    
ODJFS Ohio Department of Job and Family Services The Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) is the administrative department of the Ohio state government[1] responsible for supervising the state's public assistance, workforce development, unemployment compensation, child and adult protective services, adoption, child care, and child support programs.
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ODMH Ohio Department of Mental Health    
OEDI Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument (diagnostic) for ages 16 and over. This refers to a test to determine the eligibility of persons for state and county Developmental Disabilities services.
OLRS Ohio Legal Rights Service Provides legal advocacy and rights protection to a wide range of people with disabilities.
ORC Ohio Revised Code Contains the laws of the State of Ohio.
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OSDA Ohio Self-Determination Association An advocacy organization to help people with disabilities achieve greater independence and exercise choices in their lives.
OT Occupational Therapy Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and treatment to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder.


PAR Professionals, Advocates, Resources An organization assisting in the development of Professionals, Advocates, and Resources within Ohio's developmental disabilities community.
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PCA Personal Care Assistant    
PCP Person Centered Planning Emphasizes the needs and choices of the individual when planning services.
PHI Protected Health Information The type pf personal information protected under HIPAA.
PT Physical Therapy Physical therapy (sometimes abbreviated to PT) is the health care profession primarily concerned with the remediation of impairments and disabilities and the promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential through examination, evaluation, diagnosis and physical intervention (therapy using mechanical force and movement).


QA Quality Assurance Quality Assurance (QA) is a way of preventing mistakes or defects in manufactured products and avoiding problems when delivering solutions or services to customers.
Qualified Intellectual/ Developmental Disabilities Professional QIDP / QDDP are acronyms used by the United States federal government in regard to care facilities for people with developmental disabilities. The acronym stands for Qualified Intellectual Disabilities Professional / Qualified Developmental Disabilities Professional.
QSRT Quality Service Review Tool A tool with a variety of standards that is used to determine compliance of an Individual Support Plan.


Rx Prescription    


SIB Self-Injurious Behavior Self-injurious behavior is one of the most devastating behaviors exhibited by people with developmental disabilities. The most common forms of these behaviors include: head-banging, hand-biting, and excessive self-rubbing and scratching. There are many possible reasons why a person may engage in self-injurious behavior, ranging from biochemical to the social environment.
SL Supported Living Supported Living is defined as assistance directed toward individuals with disabilities, which enables them to live as independently as possible in their own communities, with supports as they choose.
SO Special Olympics Special Olympics is the world's largest sports organization for children and adults with intellectual disabilities, providing year-round training and competitions to more than 4.4 million athletes in 170 countries.
SSA Service and Support Administration A Service and Support Administrator (SSA) also called a service coordinator or case manager works with individuals and providers of services to coordinate services. For families who have a member with a disability, the SSA should provide the family with the resources and support the family needs to ensure that their family member with a disability receives services that are essential to their well-being, as well as monitor progress.
SSDI Social Security Disability Insurance The plan pays monthly benefits to disabled workers and their dependents.  The plan is funded by Social Security   Participants nust have accrued sufficient quarter-years of employment and payment into the system to qualify for benefits.
STEP Stepping To Employment Possibilities STEP is a unique work transition program designed to help participants move into community employment.



TBI Traumatic Brain Injury Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area).
TCM Targeted Case Management Targeted Case Management is the coordination of specialized services for an individual that helps them get the needed services, evaluates if the services are appropriate and monitors them. TCM is a Medicaid-reimbursed service.


UI Unusual Incident    
UIR Unusual Incident Report    


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